Pew Trusts: Four Types of Coastal Habitats and Why They Matter

Mangroves, seagrass, salt marshes, and coral reefs sustain ocean life and help mitigate climate change

Coastal habitats—areas both along and close to marine shorelines—are vital ecosystems. They help mitigate the impacts of climate change, for example by storing carbon and buffering the effects of floods and storms, and provide a range of other services, including serving as nurseries for a range of species and absorbing runoff from farming.

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